The development of Modernism in Catalonia was fostered by the bourgeoisie, who in his heart feels Catalan and is both educated and sensitive to art. This bourgeoisie society envisions this new architecture as a way of satisfying their desire for modernization, to express their Catalan identity, and highlight discreetly wealth and distinction.
Modernism is therefore the spawn of an urban bourgeois style. A good example is the three houses of the “apple of discord” in Passeig de Gracia between the streets Consell de Cent and Arago. The great leading architects of Modernism, Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Domènech i Montaner and Josep Puig Cadafalch were responsible for building the dwellings of families of the Catalan bourgeoisie, such as the Casa Lleó Morera, Casa Amatller and Casa Batllo. Although we find the largest concentration of modernist buildings in the area of the “Quadrat d’Or”.
In addition the Hospital of the Holy Cross and Saint Pau has been declared World Heritage Site by Unesco.