The town has its origins in the Castle of Besalú, which we already find documented in the 10th century, built on the hill where the remains of the monastery of Santa Maria are located, in the late Middle Ages.
The current layout of the village does not accurately correspond to its original state but broadly enables the reading of the urban development in the Middle Ages, with the presence of important buildings: the bridge, the miqvé or Jewish baths, the church of the Monastery San Pedro, San Julian (ancient pilgrims hospital), the Cornella House, the church of San Vicente and the Gothic Room of the Palace of the Royal Curia.
Besalú reveals an architectural and urban structure fairly consistent with its medieval past. Besalú monumental importance lies primarily in its great value as a whole and in its unity, which is what determines it as one of the most important and unique medieval sets of Catalonia samples.
The first weekend of September, Besalú back a thousand years and the town center is transformed into the ancient county of Besalú offering spectacle and historical memory. The streets fill with characters who entertain visitors with their stories and performances, troubadours, musicians, jugglers, members of the court and craftsmen, in what amounts to a return to the medieval era that makes us enjoy the charm of Besalú and its inhabitants.